2017年的日全食激發了大眾的科學熱情--中國數字科技館

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          2017年的日全食激發了大眾的科學熱情

          2017年的日全食激發了大眾的科學熱情(科學60S) 0:00/0:00
          最新發布時間: 2018-12-31   瀏覽數:
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           The Michigan Scientific Literacy Survey of 2017 found that last year's total solar eclipse got Americans more interested in celestial science.

          2017年密歇根科學素養調查發現,去年發生的日全食讓美國人對天體科學更感興趣

           

          Where were you on August 21, 2017? If you’re like me—and a couple hundred million other Americans—you were watching the total eclipse of the sun.<>

          2017821日你在哪兒?如果你像我和其他幾億美國人一樣在觀看日全<<聲音來自凱倫·霍普金以及和她一同觀看日食的人們>>

          It was breathtaking. Mind-blowing. Awesomely spectacular—and potentially educational. Because a new study shows that folks who saw the celestial event sought information on solar eclipses about 16 times both before and after the big day.

          日全食十分壯觀令人嘆為觀止令人興奮。這場日全食還具有潛在的教育意義。因為一項新的研究表明,參與觀測這次事件的人在日全食之前和之后上網搜索關于日食的信息的次數是平時的16

          In the U.S., some 216 million adults viewed the eclipse. That’s 88 percent of the adult population. This viewership dwarfs that of the Superbowl and ranks among the most watched events in American history. That’s according to the Michigan Scientific Literacy Survey of 2017.

          在美國,約有2.16億成年人觀看了日食。這占據了成年人口的88%。日全食的收視率超過了超級碗,成為美國歷史上最受關注的事件之一。這個結論是根據2017年密歇根科學素養調查得出的。

          Jon Miller of the University of Michigan conducts a national study of Americans’ scientific know-how twice a year. But last year, he added another survey over the week or two after the eclipse, while the experience was still fresh.

          密歇根大學的喬恩·米勒Jon Miller每年兩次對美國人的科學知識進行全國性研究。但去年,他在日食后的一兩周內趁著人們仍然對日全食感到新奇的時候增加了一項調查,。

          He discovered that in the months prior to the eclipse, there was a flurry of interest in the phenomenon. People searched online for eclipse-related information and talked about it with family and friends.

          他發現在日食發生之前的幾個月里,人們對這種現象產生了濃厚的興趣。人們在網上搜索與日食有關的信息,并與家人和朋友談論

          And the nearly 20 million who traveled to see the eclipse were even more hungry for heavenly knowledge, averaging nearly 25 episodes of eclipse-related information seeking. In comparison, those who for whatever reason missed the event only reported reading or chatting about it six times.

          前往特定地點觀測日食的近2000萬人更渴望獲得有關天體的知識,他們平均有近25個討論日食的對話。相比之下,那些出于各種原因錯過了這一事件的人平均閱讀或談論日食的次數六次

          But the interest didn’t end with the sun’s reappearance. After the event, people kept on reporting online-learning and continued conversations. [Jon D. Miller, Americans and the 2017 Eclipse A final report on public viewing of the August total solar eclipse]

          然而人們的興趣并沒有隨著太陽的再現而結束。在日全食結束后,人們繼續上網搜索了解日食并且持續討論相關話題。

          Miller’s survey also indicates that by the end of 2017, 70 percent of those questioned were able to explain the meaning of a total solar eclipse. That’s a considerable step up from the 50 percent who understood what an eclipse was at the beginning of the year. Even people who didn’t see the eclipse were more likely to correctly define it by year's end, suggesting that the media coverage and general hubbub rubbed off.

          米勒的調查還表明,2017年底,70%的受訪者能夠解釋日全食的意義。年初只有50%的受訪者了解日食的情況相比,這是一個相當大的進步。即使是那些沒有看到日食的人也更有可能在年底之前正確地定義它,這表明媒體的報道和抹去了大眾的無知

          However, the eclipse mania did not appear to boost our overall understanding of the relationship of the Earth and the sun. The percentage of respondents who knew that the Earth circles the sun once each year remained essentially unchanged, at around 64 percent. These findings should give science communicators added incentive to get the word out before the next big North American eclipse: April 8, 2024.

          然而,對于日食的狂熱似乎并沒有提升我們對地球與太陽關系的整體認識。知道每年地球繞太陽轉一次的受訪者百分比基本保持不變,約為64%。這些研究結果應該為科學傳播者增加動力,讓他們在下一次大北美日食之前宣布這個詞:202448日。

          原文鏈接:https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/solar-eclipse-of-2017-boosted-science-interest/


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